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Home » Flowers and Grasses » Goldenrod

Goldenrod

Scientific name: Solidago

There are at least a dozen varieties of this beautiful fall blooming native which can be found in many of our preserves. The Goldenrod plays a critical role in the ecosystem as it is an excellent source of late-season nectar for birds and butterflies as they ready for winter. Often people think that they are allergic or get hay fever from goldenrod. Fortunately, that’s false. There are many other plants which flower in fall, such as ragweed, that are the culprits. Goldenrod’s pollen is sticky and does not become airborne, so enjoy this beautiful native and the wildlife it supports.

Photo courtesy of the Missouri Department of Environmental Conservation.

Flowers

Showy bright yellow flowers.

Blooming Season

We often see blooms in fall, but there are some varieties that have earlier season blossoms as well.

Fun Facts

Why do Goldenrods get a bum rap? Most times people ask, “Don’t they cause hayfever?”. The answer is NO. Ragweed is the culprit and it often confused with Goldenrod as they bloom at the same time.

Why Not Plant Some in Your Garden?

The Brits do it, the French do it.  There are even Goldenrods in what was Claude Monet’s famous garden in Giverny. Choose small well-behaved varieties to add color to your fall garden.

Habitat

Meadows, woodlands edges, roadsides. They like full sun and are resistant to drought.

 

Similar Species

There are a dozen species of goldenrod that are present in Lewisboro. You might see Solidago rugosa or Roughleaf Goldenrod at Old Field Preserve. Solidago bicolor (White Goldenrod) grows in the shade at Mountain Lake camp. Soligao altissima or Late Goldenrod is present at the Rose Preserve.

Ecosystem Connections

These plants are deer resistant.  They are pollinated by bees and butterflies so their pollen does not get airborne. Their showy yellow flowers are great sources of food for birds preparing for their long migration south. They also attract a wide variety of insects, such as honeybees that are feeding on nectar before winter sets in.

 

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